Tag Archives: Zimbabwe

Thoughts On Local Government_>>>9

[The following is a point-form note series on Local Government Politics aggregated from an academic course on that subject.]

Beth Moore Milroy: – Author of “Toronto’s Legal Challenge to Amalgamation”

  • Asks the question, what rights to citizens have to shape their city, this in the face of the Toronto Amalgamation;
  • The Toronto Amalgamation is used to explore the powers that municipalities and their citizens ultimately have;
  • Citizen groups opposed, brought to court on 4 premises;
  • Convention of prov/municipal relations that lend to reasonable autonomy;
  • Provincial legislation in this case will create harm to individuals as interpreted by charter;
  • Province using power in cavalier manner;
  • Using utilitarian calculations to justify but logic nor evidence supported those claims;
  • The case of Toronto’s Amalgamation starkly shows the effects of a constitutional and legal regime in which cities are tools o more senior governments to be used in their service delivery, fiscal, and economic interests without an equally strong counterweight in local citizenship rights.  Balance is missing.  Here is where citizens need to apply pressure for change;
  • Active in the protests against the amalgamation.

Brasilia and the high modernist city: – Closest example of a high modernist city, having been built more or less along the lines of Le Corbusier’s visions;

  • Realization was the pet project of Juscelino Kubitscheck, the populist president from 1956-1961;
  • Idea of a new capital in the interior;
  • Louis Costa won the architecture competition;
  • Conceived of by Kubitschek, and by Costa and Niemeyer as a city of the future, a city of development, a realizable utopia;
  • Made no reference to Brazil’s past, habits or traditions;
  • It was supposed to transform the lives of those who lived there;
  • Whole point was to manifest a contrast to corruption, backwardness and ignorance of the old Brazil;
  • Eliminate public squares and crowded corridors;
  • Lots of open space but dead space;
  • Everything planned, no organic;
  • development of street corners, cafés etc;
  • Failed to go precisely as planned;
  • Instead of a classless administrative city, it was a city marked by a stark spatial segregation according to social class, the poor lived on the periphery and commute long distances to the center;
  • Not successful in its aim to transform way of life, however did depart from old style cities of Brazil.