Tag Archives: Chicago

Thoughts On Local Government_>>>3

[The following is a point-form note series on Local Government Politics aggregated from an academic course on that subject.]

Empowered deliberative democracy:

  1. Illustrated within the pages of the Anchor Fung article “Accountable Autonomy: Toward Empowered Deliberation in Chicago Schools and Policing”
  2. Empowered deliberative democracy refers to the ability of citizens being directly involved in the decision making process, specifically in the case of the Fung article the policies associated with the education and policing in Chicago
  3. The expectations that citizens’ participation and deliberation will palpably and directly affect public action and its results.  Ordinary channels of political influence and public discussion are less empowered on both of these dimensions.  When one participates in deliberation in the public sphere of mass media as a spectator or even as an author, votes for a candidate to represent ones views, or serves on advisory committees, there is but a thin connection between one’s views and official actions.  The Chicago reform increase citizen power over public affairs on at least two dimensions:
  4. Citizens join with street level public official s such as teachers, principals and police officers, to analyze localized problems and develop plans of response.
  5. Even if not incorporated into interim plans they will at least have been publicly considered against other proposals.
  6. Evidence shows that there has been negligible amounts of corruption, however no observer could sustain that any instance was totally deliberative and absent of any domination.
  7. Examples of Traxton and Central Elementary showed that for the process to be effective it has to be supervised by a central authority, but not with the traditional heavy-handed authority but with an eye towards collaboration.

CAPS: “Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy”, the strategy that the Chicago Police Department adopted in its recent organizational reforms.

  1. At the end of the 1980s, police forces and chiefs in many US cities were engaged in self-reflective doubt about whether their two traditional methods – preventative patrols that demonstrate presence through marked vehicles and rapid response to 911 calls for emergency service- could address the diverse and sever crime and disorder they faced.
  2. Similar to the educational reforms
  3. Reforms were under broad rubric of “community policing” and called for officers to use their initiative and ingenuity to tackle particular problems of crime and disorder and for theme to move closer, sometimes to build partnerships with, citizens whom they served.
  4. Two forces encouraged these reforms:  Leaders from a sophisticated city wide public safety organization called the Chicago Alliance for Neighborhood Safety (CANS) and the office of Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley
  5. An example of Accountable Autonomy and Empowered Deliberation. Created three central planks of participatory local autonomy in police governance: The reforms created opportunities for ordinary citizens to participate continuously and directly in the microgoverrnance of the institutions Participation under this devolution instituted deliberative decision procedures.Empowerment, the expectations that citizen’s participation and deliberation will probably and directly affect public action and its results.

CANS:  -Chicago Alliance for Neighborhood Safety (CANS),

  1. Had used their policy expertise to advance a community-centered vision of community policing.  From CANS’s perspective, based upon its experience as advocate, police policy analyst, watchdog, and neighborhood organizing entity, other cities had largely excluded citizens form their reforms, and so they amounted more to policing of the community that in partnership with it.
  2. CANS activists thought that citizens ought to be full partners in community policing because they could provide important local knowledge, distinctive resources and could monitor police officers and hold them accountable.
  3. Was one of the two forces that encouraged the CPD to adopt a more community based policing policy, the other being Mayor Richard M. Daley.
  4. Demonstrated citizen involvement in making changes in local government which eventually led to the Accountable autonomy and deliberative democracy present in contemporary CPD.

Richard J. Daley


Richard J. Daley: – Introduced in the A. Ehrenhalt chapter excerpt from the Lost City
34 Quintessential boss rule Mayor (Chicago)
35 Daley’s ways may not have been democratic, but his defenders have argued that he got positive things done for Chicago which a non-boss would have been unable to do.
36 Their eldest son, Richard M. Daley, was elected mayor of Chicago in 1989, and has served in that position ever since. The youngest son, William M. Daley, served as US Secretary of Commerce from 1997-2000. Another son, John Daley, is a member of the Cook County Board of Commissioners.
37 Major construction during his terms in office resulted in O’Hare International Airport, the Sears Tower, McCormick Place, the University of Illinois, Chicago campus, and other major Chicago landmarks. O’Hare was a particular point of pride, with Daley and his staff regularly devising occasions to celebrate its “opening.”
38 John Fary was a loyal servant to the Daley Boss rule, used as an example of the order and rules followed at the time, less choice/freedom, but effective
39 Manipulated media and local oppostion forces by cleaning up certain areas of corruption, for example the seeling of drivewayy permits to homeowners for whatever price the homeowner was willing to pay under the table
40 Sinner but effective in countradistinctio to Martin Kennelly who was an ineffective saint
41 Slavish loyalty to obedience was essential

42 Richard Joseph Daley (May 15, 1902 – December 20, 1976) was an Irish-American politician who served as Chairman of the Cook County Democratic Central Committee from 1953 and Mayor of Chicago from 1955, retaining both positions until his death in 1976. He is also known as “Old Man Daley,” “Daley Senior” to residents of Chicago.
43 Daley was Chicago’s third mayor in a row from the heavily Irish Bridgeport neighborhood. He served in that position longer than any other person. According to Chicago folksinger Steve Goodman, no man “could inspire more love, more hate.”

44 First elected in 1955, he served six terms as mayor. Known for shrewd party politics, Daley was the prototypical “machine” politician, and his Chicago Democratic Machine, based on control of thousands of patronage positions, has been considered by some to have been instrumental in helping to elect John F. Kennedy in 1960.
45 It was often alleged that his administration used questionable tactics to acquire votes, with the ironic phrase “vote early and vote often” frequently used to describe to his method of delivering votes.
46 Daley’s chief electoral method was his reliance on the local precinct captain, who marshaled and delivered votes on a neighborhood-by-neighborhood basis. Many of these precinct captains held patronage jobs with the city, mostly minor posts at low pay. Each ward had a ward leader in charge of the precinct captains, some of whom were corrupt. A few wards were tied to the local mafia or crime syndicate