Tag Archives: Getting Things Done

Robert Moses | The Power Broker | Notes On An Epic Pulitzer Prize Winning Book

The Power Broker is a Pulitzer Prize Winner

  • Robert A. Caro’s The Power Broker is a Pulitzer Prize winning epic that was widely read by the politicians and civil servants in the US and abroad;
  • The keypoints are my interpretation of the events in the corresponding chapter; take with a grain of salt;
  • My opinions are subject to change at any future date as an intellectually free person; so if new information shows Moses to be even less “impure” I am free to change my opinion without judgement, thanks!;
  • Writing about Moses does not equal endorsing Moses obviously;
  • This article is my attempt to provide a chapter-ized summary so that you don’t have to read this 1255 pager. The physical book weighs a lot, too, as is Robert Caro’s way. Enjoy; 

Hero, Villain or Mixture of the Two? Probably a Mixture. He is both repugnant and visionary. Hate-able and laudable for “getting things done.” Moses famously responded to this Caro book by saying a) he wasn’t responsible for public transport (read: probably not of interest fee-wise), b) he wasn’t that powerful, c) Moses never addresses the racism he is accused of peddling…can we separate the progress from the possibly very repugnant man?

Part One – The Idealist

Chapter 1 – Line of succession

Robert Moses was born on December 18th, 1888. His mother Bella was the strong willed, daughter of Bernard and Rosalie Cohen. Bernard was among many German Jews who longed to escape repression and emigrate to the USA. Eventually he settled with his brother in New York and marrying his cousin, Rosalie Silverman. Bernard became interested in civic affairs. And became known as a decisive and visionary analyst of social problems. Rosalie Silverman bullied her husband. She was intellectual rather than maternal and as Granny Cohen was imperious, treating other people as underlings.

Bernard died in 1897 of pneumonia. Rosalie carried on energetically, marching around New York and dismissive of the soft life. In 1919 she calmly finished her crossword puzzle, got out of bed and rang the bell to summon her maid before calmly announcing “Martha, summon Doctor –, I’m dying”.

Bella, quiet and unassuming but thoughtful, spoke French and German fluently and retained the sharpness of her mother. In 1886 she married Emanuel Moses, a Jew from Cologne. Although he built a successful business, Bella was thought to have “married beneath her.” They settled in Dwight Street, New Haven, Connecticut, an elm lined street with substantial houses.

Bella disliked the lack of cultural activity in New Haven so eventually they moved to New York in 1897.

By 1907, 1 million Jews had fled to the USA to escape persecution. By 1917 this was 1.5 million. In the Lower East Side, settlement houses sprang up to cope with the influx, and Bella became involved. There was a certain snobbery exercised by the settled Jewish community towards new Jewish immigrants, many from Russia. They called them “Kikes” because of the endings of many Russian surnames. German Jews had a patronising attitude to the new influx of Jews from Eastern Europe. Bella’s attitude towards those under her wing were thought to be “You’re my children, I know best.”

Bella however, was more interested in urban planning than integration. Her proposals were well mannered but steely. She was known for getting her way. Once she became involved in a project, she became obsessed with the detail. Bella could always count on Emmanuel’s support, at work and in the home, an obvious parallel with her own parents. Bella was not religious, and although Emanuel was attached to the synagogue, her views prevailed.

In New York the family lived just off 5th Avenue; a large oak panelled brownstone at the centre of a rich Jewish sector. With assets of $1.2M and walls covered with Rembrandt and Durer prints, they were among the elite.

Bella was strict with children, organising their lives in minute detail. She was particularly interested in their education. All the children were sent to expensive schools, Robert eventually ending up at Yale.

Bella’s sons, Paul and Robert, were often mistaken as twins. Both were considered “stunningly” handsome but haughty, even arrogant. They were popular with both girls and boys. Although both were considered athletes, Robert was more of a loner, attracted to sports, but not team sports.

Both brothers were dismissive of their father but Robert and his mother formed an inner circle. Bella catered to Robert’s every whim, “doting” on him. Robert flattered his mother by praising her work in the community and mimicking her movements and deportment. The line of personality was clear: from Robert’s grandmother, to his mother, to him.

Inbox Zero – A Short Synopsis of The Method

The habit forming tendencies

Getting things done is about being organised which can often start with your email inbox. Applying this method will truly enhance your performance at work. Start now in order to develop the habit of getting things done more effectively. Here are some notes on how to apply the Inbox Zero method to any email inbox you might have.

System for Email – InboxZero

Only way to succeed in dealing with a high volume of email involves a simple repeatable system and complete framework. Simplicity is the key as we reduce the options that an email can be placed under so that you aren’t just reading your emails BUT also actioning each item. You are building walls for your email.

  • Time & Attention are finite;
  • Email is Just a Medium;
  • One place for anything;
  • Process to Zero doesn’t Just Read Your Emails;
  • Convert to Actions.

What is Processing?

More than checking, less than responding. Answer: “So What? What actions do I have to take as a result of this email.” You might have more orders/tasks in your inbox but how do you organise these orders/tasks? Where do you put your emails? The goal is to PROCESS your emails so that you always have ZERO unread emails in your inbox…..

there are five actions in the inbox zero system

The Five Things You Can Do To An Email:

Create five folders to drag and drop you read emails so that you get things done.

Delete useless emails or archive them for later

Delete or Archive: what is useless. You can lose the fear of deleting and get rid of it. If you need something possibly then archive it. For the amount of time that you are dragging it; you need to think about archiving conversations that are good to know but are no longer relevant. Basically ask yourself, what is the minimally byzantine system that will allow you to find it later.

delegate your inbox work

Delegate: forwarding email; can you get this done by asking someone else to do it. You need to drill down with a followup for that person. Get actions done by providing a brief for that worker to follow.

inbox zero responding to an email

Respond: Answer in 5 sentences, 4 sentences or 3 sentences. For now my email will be no longer than 5 sentences. Get the response out as quickly as you can. In your email, you might get a 1 sentence email; you need to find your comfort zone. keep it moving. If you can’t respond to this email in less than 2 minutes then do something else with it.

defer your actions inbox zero method

Defer: your inbox should be for stuff you haven’t read yet but if you’ve read it but you don’t want to act on it you can put items that you want to defer action on in this folder in your email.

Do It Now Inbox Zero

Do: get it done now, just look at the calendar and then drag it. Take notes and create a task note. Create a to do list; do not use email as a to do list. Do not let emails sit around without a reason.

The Processing Habit: you need to make the synaptic leap between the dumb and the smart. You need to actually do these things.

Going forward do email less: Only check your email 1 hour, then do 10 minutes to review emails. Don’t obsess about email; don’t treat it like a fire. Email will crush your life.

Cheat by using filters: Filter low-level high noise. Create a folder for those garbage. Try to automate and keep things simple. Remember? Finite. You need to do less time working on stuff that doesn’t matter and more time on what matters to you.

gmail inbox zero

You need to convince your team that I only respond to emails within 1 hour. Now you are seeing that people are trying to optimise their performance.

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